Bottle Gourd Farming – Introduction
Bottle gourd is one of the most well-known vegetables in India, which are mainly developed in extended South East Asia. This vegetable is widely popular for its regular usages in Indian dishes. Its fruits are accessible consistently throughout the year. Bottle gourd plant is an attractive, yearly and climbing vine with extensive leaves and a rich appearance.
Bottle gourd, as a rule, is harvested in every 3 months of a year. Its blooms are single, pale white and open during the evening. The fruits of the Bottle gourd plant are plump and are diverse in shape and size. The plant holds its name “bottle gourd” because of its bottle like shape. Bottle gourd is otherwise called “calabash” and “lauki”. Bottle gourd mainly belongs to tropical Africa and now is spread over the world. In their tender stage of growth, Bottle gourd vegetables are utilized as a part of different culinary dishes. There are lot more usages of this particular vegetable.
The main benefit regarding bottle guard cultivation is, the plant will begin blooming only in 2 months from sowing. However, this harvest is developed under rainfed conditions. One can schedule harvest of various crops during the time if there is sufficient water providing system. Bottle gourd leaves additionally have some great therapeutic properties and a decoction made out of leaf is utilized for treating jaundice. One can expect noticeable profits from commercial harvest of this plant if he has legitimate planning of bottle gourd cultivation.
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Scientific Name of Bottle Gourd:
The scientific name of Bottle Gourd is Lagenariasiceraria
Top Countries Producing Bottle Gourd
Extended South East Asia and Africa produce this plant the most. Countries like Africa, India, Indonesia, and Malaysia are the most important regarding bottle gourd cultivation in the world.
Common Name Of Bottle Gourd In Other Languages
- Flaschenkürbis (German)
- Lauki (Urdu)
- Holibyeongbag (Korean)
- Lauka (Nepali)
- botella de calabaza (Spanish)
- up (Filipino)
- Lagenaria siceraria (Italian)
- Tigva vasului (Romanian)
- Diyalabu (Sinhalese, Sri Lanka)
- Gourde (French)
- sukabağı (Turkish)
- Bottle Gourd (English)
- Ghia / Lauki (Hindi)
- Sorekai / Chorakkai (Tamil)
- Sorekai (Malayalam)
- Sorakaya / Anapa Kaya (Telugu)
- Sorekai (Kannada)
- Lau (Bengali)
- Dudhi (Gujarati),
- Gardudde / Boblen (Konkani)
- Doodhi Bhopla (Marathi)
- Lau (Oriya)
- Ghia Da Sag (Punjabi)
- Lau (Assamese)
Different Varieties Of Bottle Gourd
There are numerous assortments of this plant privately created for the commercial reason. It is smarter to discover the high yielding seed assortment in your neighborhood if you are looking forward to investing in bottle gourd cultivation. Data about business assortments of bottle gourd can be acquired from any neighborhood cultivation office or farming office or horticulture colleges. Choosing the quality and ailment safe seed will check numerous nuisances and infections.
Cultivation Of Bottle Gourd
For fruitful cultivation, farmers need to know the appropriate process. Thus, they must have apt training. Trimming and pruning of this vegetable plant are required while the farmers are looking forward to cultivating this plant. Clipping and trimming would provide great vegetative development. Preparing bottle gourd plants on bamboo like sticks (thickets) will help plant roots to uncover and tap more daylight. Axillary buds of vines ought to be expelled till vines achieve the thickets tallness and when vine achieves nook stature, apical bud ought to be evacuated at ten to fifteen cm underneath grove to enable two to three branches to spread on the arbor. After the arrangement of four to five organic products, vines ought to be pruned again enabling two to three axillary buds just to develop on essential vines. Expel any yellow and pale shaded more seasoned leaves the close base bit.
In hey tech agriculture, plant two weeks old solid seedlings of jug gourd brought up in shade net houses. Bring the seedlings up in depicts having 98 cells or in polythene sacks. One needs to transplant around two-week-old seedlings in the primary field.
Soil Conditions For Bottle Gourd Farming
Bottle gourd can be developed on an extensive variety of soils. Be that as it may, sandy loamy soils, rich in natural issue with great seepage, are most appropriate for high caliber and yield. On the off chance that you are arranging substantial scale production of bottle gourd, it is smarter to go for a soil test. The ideal soil pH in bottle gourd development is from 6.5 to 8.0. Bottle gourd crop is very appropriate for waterway bed cultivation due to its profound tap root framework which bolsters vines for a more extended period.
Land Preparation For Bottle Gourd Farming
The land ought to be conveyed to fine tilth arrange by altogether furrowing. It can be accomplished by offering five to six ploughings. Any weeds from past vegetable harvests ought to be expelled. Any insufficiency of smaller scale supplements in the dirt ought to be secured. To make the soil rich in natural issue, apply twenty to twenty-five tons of all around deteriorated farmstead compost (FMY) amid the field arrangement.
Climatic Conditions For Bottle Gourd Farming
Bottle gourd flourishes best in hot and wet climatic conditions. This product ensures cool atmosphere superior to muskmelon and watermelon. In any case, bottle gourd can’t endure ice.
Propagation Methods Bottle Gourd Farming
Proliferation is finished by seeds. Seed rate relies upon soil compose and assortment. For the most part of a normal scenario, the seed rate of three to six kg is required to cover one hector of land. For enhancing germination, the seeds ought to be drenched for a whole day-night in water for a better result. The format utilized ought to ring and bowl. The seeds ought to be sown specifically in the field by dibbling technique at a separation of two meters to three meter X one meter to one & a half meter. By and large three to four seeds are sown in a pit at three cm profundity. To keep away from any dirt-born illness or seed borne malady, one needs to treat the seeds with Carbendazim two grams per kilograms of seeds before sowing in the field.
Planting Methods For Bottle Gourd Farming
The bottle gourds can develop a good quality when it is grown in specific climatic conditions. So, proper growing conditions must be followed for bottle gourd plants cultivation. The soil must be selected properly while doing bottle gourd plantation. The climate must be suitable for growing bottle gourds. The bottle gourd plants should be trained and clipped. Other than this, there is no such typical rule in a plantation of bottle gourds.
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Sowing Season And Planting Density Of Bottle Gourd Seeds
Generally, in South East Asia, this is developed as summer and stormy season crop. In any case, bottle gourd can be developed consistently if there is sufficient water system capacity. Well, there is no limitation on the number of plants that should be cultivated per hector.
Irrigation Methods For Bottle Gourd Farming
For proper irrigation of the Bottle Gourd cultivation, the river bed development is somewhat extraordinary to get the best result and to keep the plants green and sustainable.
Manure And Fertiliser Application For Bottle Gourd Farming
Decayed yard excrement, popularly known as FMY is all around applied. Twenty-five tons of farmyard manure per hector as basal measurement alongside half dosage of Nitrogen of thirty-five kilograms and full dosages of P2O5 of twenty-five kilograms and K2O of twenty-five kilograms is sufficient to cover the compost and manure prerequisite in bottle gourd development. The rest of the measurement of ‘N’ of 35 kg ought to be connected in a few split dosages at fortnightly interims.
Water system ought to be given just before dibbling the seeds in the field and from there on once every week. Be that as it may, in the event that it is summer trim, frequent water system is required and there is no need of water system in the blustery season. Make a point to empty out overabundance water out of the field.
Intercultural Operations For Bottle Gourd Farming
Weeds are generally controlled by giving two or three hoeings amid introductory phase of plant development. Weedicides can be utilized to check the weeds also. Bottle gourd is exceptionally receptive to excrements and composts and one can take after comparable sort of manure and between social tasks as that of ash gourd farming or bitter gourd farming. Erect pandals when the plants begin vining. Complete wedding and raking of the soil at the season of manure application. Earthing up ought to be conveyed amid stormy season.
Pests And Disease Control Methods For Bottle Gourd Farming
The accompanying names are the regular bugs and infections found in bottle gourd development.
- Fruit fly: Apply carbaryl in the pit before sowing of seeds to obliterate the pupae. In property cultivates the natural products might be secured with polythene, material or paper packs to guarantee mechanical assurance. In huge greenery, enclosures apply carbaryl twenty to twenty-five grams or malathion thirty to forty ml in fifteen liters of water containing sugar at fortnightly interims at blossoming and natural product start. Shower as coarse beads on the ventral surface of takes off. Expel and demolish influenced and rotted natural products.
- Epilachna Beetle: Remove and crush egg masses, grubs and grown-ups happening on clears out. Shower Carbary twenty to twenty-five grams for every fifteen liters of water.
- Red Pumpkin Beetle: Adult insect eats the leaves, influences gap on foliage and causes to harm on roots and takes off. Incorporate carbaryl at the rate of ten percent DP in pits. Before sowing the seeds one needs to annihilate grubs and pupae.
- Plant Lice: Apply two percent of angle oil cleanser. To start with this pesticide, one needs to begin with a break-up cleanser in heated water and afterward make up the volume.
- Downy Mildew: It is serious amid blustery season. This can be anticipated by showering mancozeb fifty grams in fifteen liters of water.
- Powdery Mildew: This illness can be controlled by showering mix of Mancozeb and carbendazim thirty-five grams for every fifteen liters of water.
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Yield Of Bottle Gourd
Bottle gourd cultivation ends up with a considerable yield amount that helps the farmers to enjoy a good quantity of profit. Yield relies upon the cultivar, soil composes and water system. Be that as it may, a normal yield of hundred to hundred-twenty quintals per hector can be accomplished with great field administration rehearses.
Harvesting Bottle Gourd
The natural products ought to be reaped when they are as yet green and delicate. Sharp blade can be utilized to cut the organic products from the vine. Deferral in reaping makes the natural product turn out to be hard. Reaping ought to be done simply following ten days (at any rate) of bug spray/fungicide application. The natural products ought to be washed thoroughly in water before sending to neighborhood markets.
Post-Harvest Management And Marketing Of Bottle Gourd
After identifying the commercial benefit of bottle gourd the farmers of India and Indian subcontinent are showing immense interest to harvest and export curry in the different regions of the world. Thus, the strategic advancements in marketing have been done. Farmers are looking forward to modern Post-harvest Management and Marketing of bottle gourds.
Benefits Of Bottle Gourd
- It is useful for diabetic patients and helps in weight administration.
- Helps in diminishing the glucose levels.
- Aggravations in the liver and kidneys.
- Bottle gourd is a great solution for urinary diseases.
Bottle Gourd Farming – Conclusion
As a popular cultivated vegetable, bottle gourd has nutritional qualities. While the plants might be useful for your digestion, they may have plentiful roughage substance to keep you dynamic for the duration of the day. These vegetables may have against tumor and hostile to oxidant characteristics. One can plant and harvest this plant and its fruits in domestic platform too.