Chow Chow Farming – Introduction
Chow chow is an unusual fruit. It belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. The fruit is slowly gaining popularity worldwide. It is cooked and eaten like the squash fruit. The crisp texture of the vegetable is what is most favorable. The vegetable is very rare. But it has many health benefits and nutritional values.
The chow chow vegetable is usually not delicious to eat. But it is eaten to get the nutritional benefits in it. It is also put in salads and marinated to make it taste good. Apart from the fruit, the other parts of chow chow plant are also edible as well. The leaves, stem, roots, and tubers are also used in many other forms. Usually, the vegetable was only native to parts of America. Slowly it was introduced in other parts of the world as well. The chow chow has become a popular vegetable now. It must be cultivated properly. good quality fruits will always have a higher market value. For farming of the chow vegetables, care must be taken for its nutritional requirement, soil quality, irrigation must be provided. Proper farm management techniques must be used. Then only, a good crop can be obtained.
Read Apricot Farming
Scientific Name of Chow Chow: Sechium edule
Benefits Of Chow Chow
- In case of rashes in the skin, the chow chow can be very useful. The raw pulp is used to apply externally. It calms the rashes.
- If there are boils on the skin, the chow chow leaves can be useful. The leaves can be roasted and applied to the burns.
- The fruits and leaves of chow chow have many properties which are beneficial for the health. They are good for the heart and keep it healthy.
- The leaves of chow chow can help to lower the blood pressure. The leaves can be used to make tea.
Top Countries Producing Chow Chow
The chow chow plant is found naturally in central America. The cultivation of chow chow plant is done mostly in southern Mexico and Guatemala. The plant is also grown in huge quantities in Costa Rica, Georgia, Brazil etc. It is a common vegetable to be cultivated in other parts of the world as well.
Name Of Chow Chow In Other Languages
- English- Chayote, Chayote Squash
- Malayalam- Sheema Kathrika, Bangalore Kathrikka, Chow Chow
- Kannada- Seeme badanekaye
- Telugu- Seeme badanekaya
- Tamil- Banglore Kathirkkai/ Seemai kathirikkai / chow chow
Different Varieties Of Chow Chow Vegetable
Based on the color of the fruit skin, the chow chow can be of green-skinned or white skinned. Apart
from that, there are other high yielding varieties of chow chow too. Since the vegetable is new in the international market, there are not a lot many varieties of the vegetable. The high yielding varieties can be cultivated to increase the yield. Also, modern methods for farming help to increase the yield of fruits and quality.
Cultivation Of Chow Chow
The chow chow variety must be selected carefully. A good variety can give a good yield. The cultivation techniques play an important role in the farming of chow chow. Modern methods must be used while farming. Good soil and nutrition must be provided to get a good yield. A good site must be selected for farming of chow chow. If such methods are followed properly, the harvest will be good. A good profit can be earned by its farming.
Soil Conditions For The Chow Chow Farming
The chow chow best survives in acidic soils. The ideal ph for chow chow cultivation is 5.5-6.5. The soil should be well drained and rich in nutrients. A good soil must be used for its cultivation. Soils having extreme ph must not be used. To get a good yield, proper soils must be used. The soil must not be too deep or too light. Waterlogging should not take place in the crop. Therefore well-drained soils must be used. Any kind of good soil can be used for the farming of chow chow.
Read Isabgol Farming
Climatic Conditions For The Chow Chow Farming
The ideal temperature for the cultivation of chow chow is 18-22 degree Celsius. The extreme temperature must not be used for farming chow chow. Too much heat or too cold is not suitable for growing chow chow plants. The moderate climate must be used for the cultivation of chow chow. Average rainfall must be present for good growth of the plants. The best altitude for growing the plants would be to an altitude of 1200-1500m. The climate must be suitable for growing the plants. Excess rainfall can cause waterlogging. It will be harmful to the crop. Frost during winter is also not good for the crop. Therefore such conditions must be avoided.
Land Preparation For The Chow Chow Farming
The land must be selected properly for the cultivation of chow chow. A proper site must be selected. The land must be selected based on the area of cultivation for chow chow. It must be cleared prior to cultivation. the weeds and other waste matter must be removed from the land. When the land is suitable for cultivation, it must be ploughed properly. Ploughing can be done by tractors or bullocks. The field must be ploughed enough times so that the soil is smooth and fine for cultivation. After that, harrowing must be done. For cultivating chow chow, the soil must have a good texture. Only then, it can grow properly. Proper drainage channels must be made in the field. The drainage channels must be made so that extra water does collect in the field.
Propagation Methods For Chow Chow Farming
The propagation methods for cultivation of chow chow includes by seed. There might be other methods for the propagation too. They can also be adopted for chow chow cultivation. The seeds must be selected carefully. Only certified and healthy seeds must be collected for the cultivation of chow chow. Only disease free seeds must be planted in the field. the seeds must be treated with appropriate chemicals before planting. That will ensure that they stay protected from fungal or other diseases.
Planting Methods For Chow Chow Farming
For planting, pits must be made in the field. The pits must have a dimension of 2feet and 1.5 feet. The pits must be dug beforehand. After that, they must be exposed to the sun. After a month, the pits must be filled with a mixture of decomposed manure and topsoil. The seedlings must be transplanted when the root system has developed well. In the nursery, the seedlings are grown under protected conditions. After transplanting, the soil around the stem must be pressed firmly. This should be done so that there is no space for insects to enter inside. After planting, a light irrigation must be given to the plant.
Spacing And Planting Season For Chow Chow Farming
A proper gap of 8feet*10feet must be given for chow chow cultivation. the spacing may vary for rainfed and irrigated conditions f farming. Proper spacing is necessary as it helps in proper growth of the plants. In each pit, about 2-5 plants can be planted in a single pit. Later, the thinning can be done to keep the healthy plants and sort out the weaker ones. The number of pits for chow chow cultivation is about 500-700 pits per acre of land.
The most suitable months for the planting of chow chow is April, may, July and August. It is best if the planting is done in the months of November and December. For economical purposes, these two months are best for planting the chow chow.
Read Ivy Gourd Farming
Fertiliser And Manure Application For Chow Chow Farming
Fertilisers and manures are very important for the cultivation of chow chow cultivation. since the crop does not grow naturally in all the parts, it must be cultivated properly. proper quantities of farmyard manure must be applied at the time of land preparation. Well decomposed farmyard manure must be applied properly and mixed with top soil at this time. After that, the macronutrients like nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus can be applied in split doses. The dosage for the macronutrients may vary for each month till the plants start giving out fruits. After fertiliser application, a light irrigation must be given.
Too much application of chemical fertilisers is not good for the crop. This might make the soil dry and barren. Organic fertilisers and manure must be applied along with chemical fertilisers. It is best recommended that a soil test must be done before application of fertilisers. Based on the results of the test, appropriate steps might be taken. Application of micronutrients is also important for the good growth of the plants. It should be done to avoid deficiency of micronutrients.
Irrigation Methods For Chow Chow Farming
Proper irrigation is necessary for the farming of chow chow. Saline water must be avoided to irrigate the crop. Irrigation is critical especially at the time of flowering and fruit formation. The first irrigation must be given at the time of planting. After that, the irrigation must be given based on the moisture content of the soil. proper irrigation must be given when the weather is very hot and humid. The soil must not remain dry. Over-irrigation is not favorable for the good growth of the chow chow plants. Irrigation is not so important during the monsoon time. If there is excess rainfall, water must be drained out of the field. waterlogging is not so favorable for farming of chow chow plants. Irrigation must be given after fertilizer and manure application.
Weed Removal Techniques For Chow Chow Farming
The weeds must be removed from the field so that there is the proper growth of the plants. Chemical methods can be applied for the control of weeds. There are also other methods or combination of methods which can be used for controlling the weeds.
Plant Protection Methods For Chow Chow Farming
Plant protection is an important part of the farming. The plants must be protected from various pests and insects. It must be done so that there are proper growth and development of the plants. The most common pests and insects affecting the chow chow crop are:
Usually, proper crop management can be done to avoid these insects. There are few diseases of the chow chow crop. The diseases can be controlled by application of appropriate chemicals. Such application can be used for disease and pest control. Proper seed treatment can be done to avoid fungal diseases. Application of fertilizers can also help to control the diseases. Proper chemicals can be sprayed to avoid the diseases. Application of too many chemicals is not good for farming chow chow. Natural methods can also be used for controlling the diseases and pests.
The Yield Of Chow Chow
About 25-35 tonnes of fruits per hectare can be obtained in the cultivation of chow chow. The yield depends on the variety used and proper crop management techniques. Proper crop management techniques can always increase the yield.
Harvest Of Chow Chow
The chow chow plants are climbers. They become ready for harvest in about five months time. The plants continue to give fruits for five months. The fruits must be Harvested when they are mature. They can be harvested once in every seven days.
Read Squash Farming
Post Harvest Management And Marketing Of Chow Chow
After harvest, the mature fruits must be cleaned and stored properly. the fruits must be sorted out and graded based on their size and quality. They must be stored properly so that they are not damaged. For marketing, the fruits must be sold in markets where there is a good demand for the fruits.
Chow Chow Farming – Conclusion
Chow chow fruits are high in nutritional value and contain many important health benefits. Therefore, it is of high economic importance in the local and international market. Commercial cultivation of this vegetable is important for better marketing. The good quality fruits always have a high demand in the market. The cultivation of chow chow vegetables must be done very carefully to get a good yield and a good harvest.