Curry Leaves Farming – Introduction
Curry plant is a very well known herb in the Indian subcontinent. Since ages, curry leaves have been used in Indian culinary to add flavor. It has become one of the most important ingredients of South Indian dishes, as the regional people have recognized the healthy components of the plant. Coming from the biological family Rutaceae, Curry leaves are full of balanced nutrients. It has carbohydrate and a noticeable quantity of dietary fiber. One can find a large amount of moisture, a good portion of protein, little fat and excellent amount of minerals in it. You will get to see that calcium, iron, and phosphorus are there in a considerable amount. Besides these, it has lots of vitamins.
These nutrients prove why Indian culinary is inclined to this wonder plant. The whole world is gradually finding the plant excessive healthy. Thus, for the medical and culinary purpose, the farming of curry plants is gaining popularity. Though the importance of curry plant is understood by the whole world, the main cultivation still happens chiefly in the southern region of India. Places like Coimbatore, Salem, Periyar, Madurai, Belgaum, Uttara Kannada are popular for curry plantation. Basically, Indian states Tamil Nadu and Karnataka produce curry on a grand scale.
Scientific Name of Curry Leaves: Murraya koenigii
Top Countries Producing Curry Leaves
Indian subcontinent, especially, countries like Sri Lanka and India produce Curry Leaves on a grand scale. The production becomes the entire source of the plant for the whole world. It is cultivated in lots other countries including China, Nigeria, Australia, and Ceylon.
Common Name Of Curry Leaves In Other Languages
Assamese: Nursing’s, Bisharhari
Hindi: Kathnim, Mitha neem, Curry or curry patta, Gandhela, Bareanga
Bengali: Barsanga, Kariphulli
Gujarati: Goranimb, Kadhilimbdo
Marathi: Karhinimb, Poospala, Gandla, Jhirang
Oriya: Barsan, Basango, Bhuraunga
Punjabi: Curry patta
Sanskrit: Krishna nimba
Tamil: Karivempu, Karuveppilei
French: Feuilles de cari
English: Curry leaves
Chinese: Ga lei yihp
Different Varieties Of Curry Leaves
The farmers prefer to cultivate the regional types of the plant that consists of the pink midrib. The study on Curry leaves has recently conveyed that DWD – 1 and DWD –2 are the most popular among the farmers. They are full of oil contents. They have 5.22 and 4.09% oil in them respectively; thus, produce a strong aroma.
They are basically, quite advanced varieties. Karnataka is the main source of these sorts of varieties. In winter DWD 1 grows at a lower rate and DWD 2 grows at a normal rate.
‘Senkaampu’ is another regional type of curry plant, which is popular among the farmers. It is grown in many parts of Tamil Nadu.
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Cultivation Of Curry Leaves
Developing curry leaves plant is simple however you have to satisfy a couple of essential necessities. The seedlings are watered once in five to seven days up to three years and once in 15 days a short time later. The field ought to be kept free of weeds.
Soil Conditions For Curry Leaves Farming
Planting of curry leaves do not require a particular atmosphere and can come up in a dry atmosphere as well. In places where least temperature goes beneath thirteen-degree centigrade, the development of plant will be somewhat influenced. In spite of the fact that it can be developed in a large portion of the dirt kinds, it grows well in light textured red soils.
Land Preparation For Curry Leaves Farming
Mainfield ought to be furrowed over and over. Typically, a dividing of ninety to 120 cm is taken after on either side. One month before planting, pits of 30 x 30 x 30cm measurements are uncovered and are loaded with topsoil blended with all compost at the season of planting. Solid seedlings are planted in the focal point of the pits. At that point, long wrinkles are shaped to encourage simple water system.
Ordinarily, curry leaf plants are not prepared with the inorganic source by the ranchers. In any case, for a superior development and yield, each plant might be prepared with 20kg of Farmyard excrement other than 50g of potash, 50g of potash and 150g nitrogen for every year.
The land for business development is furrowed and harrowed a few times and is cleaned from stubbles and stones. In profound, ripe and light soil transplanting is done straightforwardly in little pits. While in the poor and hard soil, pits are taken at the span of no less than 1.5×1.5×2 ft. length, width, and profundity separately. The pits are burrowed around a half year before planting and left open to the climate for a couple of months after which they are loaded with well-spoiled manures and green takes off.
Climatic Conditions For Curry Leaves Farming
Curry leaf can be developed in an extensive variety of soils. Red sandy topsoil soil is perfect for its development. It can endure temperature up to 37°C. Be that as it may, underneath 16°C, its development is influenced.
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Propagation Methods For Curry Leaves Farming
Curry leaf is basically engendered by seeds. For raising seedlings, well-ready natural products are gathered from high-yielding plants. The seeds are sown either in nursery or polybags loaded with a blend of 1:1:1 sand, soil, and yard excrement. Seeds develop in three weeks. One-year-old seedlings are planted in the primary field.
It can likewise be proliferated by root suckers. There are various root suckers close to its plants. They are isolated from the principle plant amid the blustery season and planted promptly.
Planting Methods For Curry Leaves Farming
Planting in the primary field is finished amid the rainstorm season. The fundamental field is furrowed completely. Pits of thirty cm × thirty cm measures are burrowed at a dispersing of four m × four m. Per pit ten kilograms farmstead compost is needed.
A weed-free field is apt. The plants should be trained and clipped to sustain a height of one meter. The terminal buds of the curry plants are removed to encourage lateral branching. A minimum of rate of five to six branches is kept per curry plant.
Sowing Season And Planting Density Of Curry Leaves Seeds
Sowing season of curry leaves is mainly July and August. There is no such typical limitation on the number of plants that should be cultivated per hector.
Irrigation Methods For Curry Leaves Farming
If the irrigation system is there, then the plants ought to be routinely flooded. Be that as it may, dampness protection systems ought to be received both to moderate rainwater or water of the irrigation. Mulching is a favorable practice in this regard. In the meantime, satisfactory seepage or adequate drainage facilities are given.
The pit, where the plant will grow, calls for proper irrigation system if there is no sign of rain. Lack of rain asks for a proper irrigation at an interval of three days.
Manure And Fertiliser Application For Curry Leaves Farming
To prevent the harms and damages, caused by the pest, farmers apply mainly organic pesticides and to uplift the rate of growth they apply organic fertilizers. Yes, for the proper cultivation of the plant, the farmers do not require to employ any sort of inorganic things. But in some rare cases, higher yield calls for inorganic fertilizers. They are used at the beginning of the rainy season to get the fullest of its effect. In that case, farmers apply approx 10kg farmyard manure and NPK.
Intercultural Operations For Curry Leaves Farming
Weeding and other intercultural tasks are done as and when required. Hoeing and weeding at the center and end of the stormy season and toward the finish of winter season will be adequate.
Pests And Disease Control Methods For Curry Leaves Farming
If the pest, like Aphids attacks, when the curry plants remain in their under-growing or initial vegetative stage, then measurements are taken. In this case, Dimethoate is the best option to try for. Normally farmers spray the particular pesticide and they spray it at the rate of two ml per liter of water. Notably, if you spray on these plants then you cannot harvest the leaves at least for 10 days. Otherwise, the leaves would emit toxicity. Well, in case of ‘Leaf spots’ farmers spray carbendazim at the rate of one gram per liter
Luckily, curry leaf plant is not gravely contaminated by diseases and pests. If it happens then also it does not get serious infections. Thus, mild pesticides give remedies. Normally the farmers look for the applications of pesticides at half-a-month before the harvest. In that case a preventive spray of malathion or tobacco decoction, etc could be sprayed. If there are probabilities to control soil-borne pests and diseases then one or two kilograms neem cake is employed per plant per year.
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Yield Of Curry Leaves
Toward the finish of the principal year, the crop goes to the main harvest. The normal yield from one hectare is given beneath:
First-year almost 400 kilograms are yielded in one hector, whereas in the second and third year the yield of curry leaves go up to 2000 to 2200 kilograms per hector. The fourth year of cultivation sees almost 2500 kilograms yield per hector. Fifth-year onwards the yield of curry plants can go up to 3500 to 5000 kilograms per hector.
The ranch can be kept for 20 to 25 years contingent on the administration rehearses took after. Completely developed curry tree can yield about hundred kilograms of leaves every year Curry leaves are picked fifteen months subsequent to planting. Business harvest can be begun from three-year-old plants. With great administration, the typical yield can be gotten up to the age of twenty to a quarter century. The leaves can be harvested at over two to three months interims, the normal yield being twenty to twenty-five tons for each hector.
Harvesting Curry Leaves
The first stage of harvesting of leaves is trimming and topping. The quality of leaf will reduce if the farmers let the plant to flower and fruit. Thus, unless the production of seed is not indented, trimming and collecting of leaves needs to be done before flowering. Well, if you want to harvest the leaves in winter when one needs to do the same before the leaves start shedding.
Harvested leaves are reviewed, packaged and showcased or sent to handling units for extraction of oil.
Post-Harvest Management And Marketing Of Curry Leaves
After identifying the commercial benefit of curry leaves the farmers of India and Indian subcontinent are showing immense interest to harvest and export curry in the different regions of the world. Thus, the strategic advancements in marketing have been done. Farmers are looking forward to modern Post-harvest Management and Marketing of Curry Leaves.
Benefits Of Curry Leaves
- It helps to lower cholesterol level
- Improve the shine of your hair
- Upgrade the smoothness of your skin
- Curry Leaves is good for eyesight and liver
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Curry Leaves Farming – Conclusion
Curry leaves are regular enhancing specialists with various vital medical advantages, which make your nourishment both sound and delectable alongside giving it a lovely fragrance. They contain different cell reinforcement properties and can control looseness of the bowels, gastrointestinal issues, for example, heartburn, unnecessary corrosive discharge, peptic ulcers, diarrhea, diabetes, and undesirable cholesterol adjust. They are additionally accepted to have growth battling properties and are known to secure the liver.
As discussed, Curry leaf plant is a simple source of flavor to upgrade the acceptability of the sustenance and is additionally a decent source of significant supplements and some profitable unpredictable oils. The plant can be developed in each home garden and in addition, can be cultivated with a monetary goal. If you are going for commercial cultivation, then after planting around ten to twelve years you can continue getting a great wage from the land. Curry leaf trees can likewise be planted as an intercrop among other seasonal or perpetual crop. Being a perennial plant the annual expenditure of its cultivation is pretty low.