Guggul Farming – Introduction
Guggul cultivation is increasing across the world for its medicinal uses. This is a gum extraction of the guggul trees that has a great use in preparing Ayurvedic medicines. This gum extraction can be found in the summer month and it is collected in liquid form from the trees. It gets solidified in a very short time. The guggul tree is a type of shrub that reaches up to 12 feet height. The thorny brunches of the guggul shrub carry red to pink colored flowers.
The resin of this herb is used to prepare the effective medicines for controlling the cholesterol level and treating arthritis. This gum is bitter in taste and has a balsamic odor. You can find this tree growing in Rajasthan, Karnataka, and Gujrat at a large scale. it is also cultivated in Bangladesh and Pakistan. Now its use is being popular and this shrub is being cultivated various parts of the world. The resin is collected within the month of April to May.
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Scientific name of Guggul: Commiphora wightii
Top-Rated Places For Producing Guggul
Though the production rate of the guggul is growing high in these days and it is being cultivated at various part of the world but Rajasthan in India is known for producing the high yields of the guggul. Guggul is mainly cultivated in Ajmer district in Rajasthan. You can also find this herb growing in Maharashtra, Gujrat, Karnataka, Rajasthan and other places. You can also find this herb growing in various parts of USA and Asia.
Guggul Known In Different Local Languages
Bengali, Gujarati – Guggul, Marathi – Guggala; Hindi – Guggulu, Guggal; Kannada – Guggal; Tamil – Maishakshi, Telugu – Guggal, Malayalam – Gulgulu, Guggalu; Gukkal;
Variations Of Guggul
There is no such variety available of the guggul tree in commercial purposes. Rajasthan is full of high yield guggul trees that are used at a huge scale in medicinal purposes.
Needed Climate For Guggul Farming
For cultivating the guggul shrub you need to know about its preferred climate. The guggul shrub can be cultivated in the dry and warm area. The dry atmosphere and high temperature in the air can keep the shrubs growing well. But these shrubs should be away from the storms and frosts.
Required Soil For Guggul Farming
The guggul shrubs survive on various kinds of soils. The best soil for cultivating the guggul shrubs is Sandy soil or Sandy loam soil.
Propagation Process In Guggul Farming
Propagation process in guggul cultivation can be done in two ways. One is by seeds and other is cutting the stems. Propagation by seeds is difficult in guggul cultivation as there is a hard coat present around the seeds. When seeds are used for germination, a mechanical process is needed to be applied to scarify the coat. Then the seed is kept under running water for a day. 20 cm long cutting is needed for the semi-hardwood coat. The seedling of the guggul can give a good result in polythene bags. Ready seedlings are needed to place on the perfectly made nursery beds. After planting the seedlings on the nursery beds, light irrigation is needed to start. Then the irrigation process should be continued on a regular basis up to one year. After one year the seeds should be transplanted in the main field of the land.
Land Preparation, Spacing And Planting Process To Follow In Guggul Farming
The field where the guggul seeds are going to be planted should be well prepared. 3 to 4 times plowing is necessary to make the soil free from the other previous crops. The soil should also be free from the weeds. The best time for preparing the land is advanced rainy season. The land for plating the guggul seeds should be dug in 50cm x 50cm size and the space between two plants should be 3 x 3 meter to get the best-growing guggul shrubs. Decomposed Farm Yard Manure should be used to fill up the pits. Top soil is also necessary for this stage. 1000 plants can be grown in per acre land area. The root cutting process can be applied in the rainy season in guggul cultivation.
Irrigation Process To Follow In Guggul Farming
The irrigation process mainly depends on the nature of the soil and its moisture level. In dry and hot season 2 to 3 irrigations on an average are required to establish the plants well. The assurance of the proper irrigation is not required only. But you need to ensure the proper drainage system with the irrigation process to get good guggul shrubs.
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Fertilizers And Manures To Use In Guggul Farming
You need to use well decomposed Farm Yard Manure on the field in a proper amount. 10 tones farmyard manures are needed to apply on the one-acre field. 25 tones of this FYM are needed on one hector field.
Intercultural Operations To Follow In Guggul Farming
The field for farming the guggul plants in a successful way should be away from the weeds and insects. The process of weeding and hoeing should be done in the early stage of the growing guggul plants. But this is not enough to keep the growing plants away from the weeds. The soil around the plants should be stirred up at least twice in a year to get the best result in guggul farming.
Diseases And Pests In Guggul Farming
You need to know about the common pests and diseases of the guggul farming and keep the shrubs away from them.
Pests: There are some pests like leaf-eating caterpillars, termites, whiteflies are very common to see in the guggul plants. You should check whether these insects and pests are attacking the growing plants or not. Proper steps to remove these pests are needed.
How To Control The Pests
The pits of the land should be filled up with the Farm Yard Manures and topsoils with the chlorpyrifos should be applied at the same time. Metocid aqueous solution is needed to be sprayed on the growing crops to eliminate the whiteflies and caterpillars.
Diseases Of The Guggul Plants
The growing plants should be taken away from the diseases. In this case, if any spot on the leafs of the growing plants is found then, remove it as soon as possible. The bacterial attack can be found on the plants as well.
How To Control The Disease
Proper medication and spray are required to remove the diseases from the plants. You can spray the guggul crop with Blitox 4 grams and hygromycin .1 grams in 1-liter water. This mixture can protect your growing plants from these diseases.
Harvesting Process To Follow In Guggul Farming
This is one of the most important steps for collecting the guggul resin which is used in medicinal purposes. These plants don’t grow too long. It becomes 4 to 5 meter tall in 6 to 7 years and the thickness of the guggul trees becomes 3 to 4 cm. For collecting the resin from the trees, the trunk should be cut at the 40 cm above from the ground. The tapping should be done in the month of December to February. A 9 to 10cm circular cut on the trunk is needed for tapping the tree. Then a paste of gum resin in water should be applied on the incised spot. The spat should also be bandaged well.
It helps to potentiate the flow of the gum. A good flow of the gum can be expected at least 3 to 7 days later of applying the tapping process. An earthen cup can be fixed under the cut to collect the gum resin from the trees in a perfect way. In a season you can collect the gum resin 2 to 3 times. 2-Chloroethyle phosphoric acid can be injected in the roots of the trees to increase the gum resin flow from the trees. But you need to keep in mind that the tree dies after 8 to 10 months after tapping it.
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Yields In Guggul Farming Process
The final amount of yield depends on the type of the soil and its nature. The climatic situation and the growth of the plants decide how much yield can be collected in a season. The age of the guggul plant determines the quantity of the gum resin from the plant. You can get up to 400 grams guggul resin from a 5 years old plant.
Marketing Of Guggul Gum Resin
In case of producing the guggul at a large scale, people should understand how to market it. A previous market research should be done before going to sell the gum resins in the market. You need to understand what the rate of the resin in the current market is. The ayurvedic medicine manufacturing companies need this resin at a large scale and if the quality is good then you can supply the yield in this market.
Health Benefits Of Guggul
You need to know the reasons behind the popularity of the guggul resins. The guggul resins are mainly used for preparing ayurvedic medicines that are taken for removing various health issues. There are some points that can help you to understand how the guggul resins help you to lead a better life.
- You can improve the digestive health by taking the guggul resin as a medicine.
- Helps to improve the thyroid hormonal function in human body.
- Regulate the cholesterol level.
- Remove the toxin elements and other harmful compounds from your body.
- It can keep the bones and bone joints well functioning.
Conclusion- Guggul Farming
The commercial guggul farming in the recent days is very profitable. But before investing in this farming one should check the atmosphere and soil condition of the land. A good medication and irrigation system is required to take care of the growing plants. The branches of the guggul trees are full of Thrones and the trained labors should handle these growing trees safely. The resins should be collected in an expert way. So, it is always better to take the proper care of the trees and in this case, the professional and experienced people can help you.