Isabgol Farming – Introduction
Isabgol is the seed of the isabgol plant. For commercial purposes, the seeds are used. The isabgol is very much popular for its many health benefits. It is also used to treat many health conditions. The pant of isabgol is an annual herb. The plant bears capsules. The seeds are inside the capsules. Those seeds are harvested at maturity.
The isabgol is mainly used for the treatment of constipation. Apart from that, it is also used for the preparation of many food items. There are many species of isabgol which are cultivated for commercial purposes. The cultivation of isabgol is easy. To get a good amount of profit, the cultivation techniques of isabgol must be improved. Modern and scientific methods must be introduced in isabgol cultivation. Export of isabgol is also done. for good profit earning, the isabgol seed quality also has to be improved. Only then, the yield will also be higher. Isabgol has a very good and booming market in the local area. Proper and commercial cultivation of this grain can also increase the exports. Giving proper nutrition and irrigation to the isabgol crop can help to increase the yield and quality.
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Scientific Name of Isabgol: Plantago psyllium
Top Isabgol Producing Countries In The World
The isabgol is mainly cultivated in India. It is mainly produced in India. It is also exported to other countries from here. In India, isabgol is mainly produced in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat in India. Apart from India, isabgol is cultivated in small quantities in the USA and other countries too.
Common Name Of Isabgol In Other Languages
English: Ispaghula, Psyllium, Blond Psyllium, Spogel Seeds, Ripple Grass
Sanskrit: Ashwagol, Ishadgola, Ashwakarna, Ashwakarnabeeja, Sheetabeeja, Ishrawarabola, Snigdhajeeraka
Hindi: Isabgol, Isabgul, Issufgul, Ispaghul, Isubgol
Bengali: Esphopgol, Isabgul, Isshopgul, Ispaghul
Gujarati: Isapgol, Isafghol, Ghoda Jeeru, Umtojeeru, Uthamujeerun
Kanada: Isofgolu, Visamagolu, issabagolu, Isabakolu
Malayam: Karkatasringi, Snigddhajirakam, Ispaghal
Marathi: Isabgola, Isapghol
Punjabi: Lisapghol, Bartang, Abghol
Tamil: Iskolvirai, Iskol, Isphagol, Ishappukolvirai, Ishappukol
Telugu: Isphagula, Isapgaluvittulu, Isapagala
Different Varieties Of Isabgol Cultivated Across The World
- Gujarat isabgol 1- this is a new and improved variety of isabgol plant. The yield of this variety is around 800-900 kg of seeds per hectare of land. It can be cultivated easily. The quality of the seeds is also very good.
- Gujarat isabgol 2- this is also an improved variety of isabgol. It has potential to yield about 1000kg of seeds per hectare.
- Jawahar isabgol 4
- Haryana isabgol-5
Cultivation Of Isabgol
The cultivation of isabgol must be done accordingly. The isabgol plants need enough moisture for good growth. Also, the cultivation process must be followed properly. The harvesting techniques of the isabgol plant are also specific. The grains have to be properly dried for harvest. The isabgol plants are also very much sensitive to the frost. They must be protected from such conditions. To get a proper yield and good quality isabgol, one must follow the proper growth conditions.
Soil Conditions For The Isabgol Farming
The isabgol plants grow well in well-drained soils. So, such soils must be used. Light soils should be used for the isabgol cultivation. The ideal ph for the cultivation of isabgol is 4.7-7.7. the soil which is used for cultivation must have a low moisture content. This supports the growth of the isabgol plants. It can be grown in almost any kind of soil. But, the isabgol plants produce best results in silt or loam soils. Such conditions can ensure that the yield of the seeds is high. The soil must be high in nutrients. Fertile soil is very much needed for the proper growth of the isabgol plants. The ph of the soil should not be too high or too low. Heavy soils must be avoided for isabgol cultivation.
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Climatic Conditions For Isabgol Farming
The isabgol plants grow well in cool climates. It is suitable for growing in temperate regions. During sowing time, it needs cooler climates. During harvesting, dry weather is needed. Also, it needs a warm and sunny climate throughout the year. The isabgol crop is very sensitive to extreme weather. Even dew, rainfall or frost can cause loss of yield. The cloudy weather is also very harmful to the seed formation. So, the monsoon season must be avoided for the sowing of the isabgol. The humid weather must be avoided at the time of maturity. It causes loss of the yield. The ideal temperature for the cultivation of isabgol is 20-30 degree Celsius.
Land Preparation For Isabgol Farming
The land must be cleared of all the weeds and materials of previous cultivation. After that, it should be ploughed enough times. The ploughing must be done so that the soil becomes smooth and easy for cultivation. After that, harrowing and leveling must be done. Drainage channels must be present in the field. To drain the excess water away from the field, drainage channels must be present in the field. Proper quantities of farmyard manure must be provided in the field after the ploughing is done. The land preparation must be done properly. a proper land is important for the good growth of the isabgol plants.
Propagation Methods For Isabgol Farming
The isabgol is propagated through seeds. The seeds must be selected properly. Healthy and disease free seeds must be selected for the cultivation of isabgol. It is better if the seeds are selected and bought from a reliable source. The seeds must be soaked in biofertilizers or any other suitable chemicals before sowing them.
Planting Methods For Isabgol Farming
For planting, suitable plots have to be made in the field. The plot size of each plot can be 8m*3m. For sowing, the seeds from the previous crop must be selected. If too old seeds are taken, they will not germinate well. For sowing, the broadcasting method must be used. If line sowing is used, the yield will be decreased. The seeds must be mixed with the sand or manure and then broadcasted in the main field. The seeds must not be sown too deep in the soil. This makes the seeds to germinate later. The germination usually takes 3-4 days. If there is a delay in germination, the crop must be watered again. After sowing, a light irrigation is a must.
The seeds can be sown directly in the main field. It can also be transplanted from the nursery. During transplantation, the seedlings must be planted carefully in the main field. The roots must not be damaged. The soil around the roots must be pressed firmly.
Planting Season And Seed Rate For The Isabgol Farming
The isabgol must be planted after the monsoon. Even light rain is harmful to the plants. On an average, 4-8 kg of seeds per hectare is sufficient for sowing one hectare of land.
Irrigation Methods For Isabgol Farming
The first irrigation must be given right after sowing. After that, irrigation must be provided accordingly. Too much irrigation is not good for the growth of the plants. Waterlogged conditions must be avoided, therefore. After three weeks of germination, the second irrigation must be given. After that, irrigation can be given when the spikes start to emerge. A total of 7-10 irrigations are needed throughout the growing period of the isabgol crop. If there is a delay in germination, irrigation must be provided accordingly. If there is rainfall, the irrigation must be decreased. Drainage channels must be provided in the field. This must be done so that excess water can be drained out of the field. irrigation is very important at the time of flowering and seed formation. During dry weather and dry soil, irrigation must be provided properly. the crop must not suffer from moisture loss.
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Fertiliser And Manure Application Of Isabgol Cultivation
The well-decomposed farmyard manure must be applied at the time of field preparation. A soil test must be done. Based on results of the soil test, the fertilizers must be applied. The proper application of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus must be applied. In case of isabgol, too much application of chemical fertilizers must be avoided. After every fertilizer application, irrigation must be given. Organic manure and fertilizers must also be applied. Along with macronutrients, proper application of micronutrients must also be done. this must be done so that deficiency of micronutrients can be avoided. The fertilizers can be applied in split doses.
Intercultural Operations For The Cultivation Of Isabgol
The intercultural operations in the cultivation of isabgol involve the weed removal and other operations. The weeds must be removed at the earliest. About 2-3 hand weedings are required for the cultivation of isabgol. The weed removal can be done by hand. Other methods can also be used for the elimination of weeds from the field. Cultural and chemical methods can also be used. A combination of all the methods can be applied for successful weed removal from the field. the weed removal can be done early in the season. Shallow tillage is also an effective way to control the weeds.
Raking of the soil at occasional intervals is important. Raking helps the soil to absorb the nutrients in a better way. So, the soil must be raked at times. Removal of dead leaves and branches must also be done whenever needed. This helps in the proper growth of the isabgol plants. Also, the yield of seeds will also be very good.
Pest And Disease Control Methods For Isabgol Farming
The most common diseases and pests affecting the isabgol crop are:
- Downy mildew
- White grub
- Powdery mildew
- Rhizoctonia wilt
The following diseases and pests can be controlled by proper application of pesticides and chemicals. With proper crop management, most of the diseases and pests can be controlled. Seed treatment before sowing also helps to control many such issues. Following the above things will help to control the pest and diseases in the field.
Yield Of Isabgol
On an average, 800-1000kg of seeds per hectare can be achieved. The seeds yield depends on the variety of isabgol used. Apart from that, if the crop is raised properly, the yield can be increased.
The entire crop of isabgol takes about 110-130 days to mature. The mature seeds are low in moisture. When mature, the leaves start to turn yellow and the spikes start to turn brown. It can be found out if the spike is pressed between two fingers. The entire plant is harvested close to the ground. At the time of harvesting, the atmosphere must be dry and it should be done early in the morning. There should not be any delay in harvesting of the isabgol. If the delay is done, seed shattering may take place.
Post-Harvest Management And Marketing Of Isabgol
After harvest, the plants are stacked together for a couple of days. After that, it is trampled by the bullocks and winnowed. This helps in the separation of seeds of isabgol. The seeds are collected and stored properly. After that, processing must be done to separate the seeds from the husk.
The isabgol is sold loose in the market. It is also sold in packets in the market. Proper packaging must be done so that the isabgol is not damaged.
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Benefits Of Isabgol
- The isabgol is best used for treating constipation. It absorbs water and helps in the easy passing of stools.
- Due to its stomach relieving symptoms, the isabgol can also be used for treating piles and fissures.
- Isabgol is a natural remedy and cure for acidity in the stomach. It can give instant relief from the symptoms.
- Taking isabgol can reduce the chances of heart disease. It can do so because the isabgol is rich in fibers.
- Isabgol can also help to reduce cholesterol from the body. It can help to reduce the bad cholesterol from the body.
Isabgol Farming – Conclusion
Isabgol is an important crop to be cultivated. Due to its immense health benefits, isabgol has been used among people since decades. Even today, the popularity of isabgol is high in the market. The demand for high-quality isabgol is increasing too. At such a time, cultivation of isabgol on a large scale is very important.