Kohlrabi Farming – Introduction
Kohlrabi is known as one of the most common one-year vegetables that are cultivated in various part of the world. The demand for this vegetable is high throughout the year and accordingly, the cultivation of this vegetable is increasing day by day. This vegetable is taken by people both in cooked and raw form. The popularity of this vegetable is noticeable in various states of India like West Bengal, Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, and other parts of South India. The enlarged stem of this vegetable tree develops above the ground.
This fleshy, edible portion of the stem is cooked in various ways and taken by people. The leaves of this vegetable are also taken by the people as their favorite dishes. This vegetable is good to take at its early stage. Now go through the points to know how to commercially cultivate this vegetable in your country. The appropriate soil and atmosphere for cultivating this vegetable are important to know. But before going through its cultivation process, you need to know some general information about this vegetable.
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Scientific name of Kohlrabi: Brassica oleracea
The Popular States For Producing Kohlrabi
West Bengal, Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, and other parts of South India are popular states in India where you can find the growing Kohlrabi at a large scale. The production of this vegetable is now growing high. It is now cultivated in other countries apart from India as well.
Local Names Of Kohlrabi
Kohlrabi is known by different names across the country. People know this vegetable in several local names. In Bengali it is known as Olkopi, in Telegu, it is called Noolkol, in the Malayalam language it is known as Seema Mullangi, In Marathi, it is known as Navalkole, in Hindi it is named as Gaanth Gobi and in the Kannada language, it is called as Navil kosu.
Various Types Of Kohlrabi
The Kohlrabi vegetables are mainly available in two forms on the market. One is known as the early form of Kohlrabi and the other is the late form of Kohlrabi. These are also available in purple color and white and green color as well. These are known by different names.
Needed Climate For Kohlrabi Farming
The Kohlrabi crops grow well in the winter season. This vegetable grows well in the storm and as well. This vegetable can survive well in the strong storm and extreme cold atmosphere. The seeds of the Kohlrabi get germinated in the temperature within 15-degree centigrade to 32-degree centigrade. The monthly average temperature for growing the Kohlrabi seeds should be 15 to 29-degree centigrade. The most of the winter season vegetables fail to stand strong in very low temperature and Kohlrabi can be considered as one of these.
Required Soil For Kohlrabi Farming
The soil should be proper and well fertilized for cultivating Kohlrabi successfully. The less acidic soil is considered as good for farming Kohlrabi. The seeds of the Kohlrabi grow well in the sandy loam soil. The slit loam soil or clay is also good for growing the higher yield. The pH level of the soil should be within 5.5 to 7.0 to get the best result. Proper uses of manures and fertilizers are important to grow the good quality Kohlrabi on the land.
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Kohlrabi Farming Propagation
In the Kohlrabi farming, the seeds are mainly used for propagation. The tip cutting and leaf cutting processes are also used for propagation of the Kohlrabi. The sown of the Kohlrabi can give the best result from the end of the August to the end of the month November. The sowing of the seeds of the Kohlrabi mainly depends on the area of the land and the farmer. 1.5kgs of the Kohlrabi seeds can be sown in the 1 hector land. When it comes to the transplantation of the Kohlrabi seeds, the 4 to 5 weeks old seedlings can give the best result and these should be raised in the nursery beds.
Land Preparation, Planting And Spacing Of Kohlrabi Farming
In this process, you need to plough the entire land at least 3 to 4 times. The soil should be fine and the disc harrow can be used to make the soil fine. The preparation of the beds and the channels should be done properly for irrigation of the Kohlrabi. The lay out should be furrow type or you can select the ridges in this process. The transplantation of the Kohlrabi can give a good result in cloudy day or evening time.
The roots of the plant can be established in a good way by pressing the land around the plants. In the cultivation of the Kohlrabi, you can select the light irrigation when the plants are transplanted. The dead plants should be removed as well. The spacing of the plant depends on the soil fertility and climatic situation. The space between two plants should be around 25x25cm, 25x30cm, 25x40cm or 30x45cm. In case of late yield, the wider space should be selected and in smaller tuber size a smaller space between two plants is preferable. Good decomposed organic matter can help the farmer to get the good yield.
Required Fertilizers And Manures For Kohlrabi Farming
The heavy feeder plant like Kohlrabi can give a good result by manuring well. Well decomposed farmyard manures are needed around 20 to 25 tone when land is being prepared. The N, P, and K are also needed at the time of transplanting of the Kohlrabi. After transplanting the plants, you need to apply the second dose of N. You can wait one and half month after transplanting the Kohlrabi before applying the second dose of the N on the main field.
Irrigation Process Of Kohlrabi Farming
The irrigation process plays an important role in case of Kohlrabi cultivation. Supply of continuous moisture to the Kohlrabi cultivation is important for maintaining the good growth of the knobs. The irrigation process should be started immediately after transplanting the seedlings of the Kohlrabi and continue it 4 to 5 days to get the best result. After that, you should apply the subsequent irrigation continuously with the interval of 7to 8days.
Intercultural Operations To Follow
To get good yield from the land, you need to follow a good weeding process. In this case, the intercultural operations should be done on a regular basis. You need to go through the weeding and hoeing process after irrigation. It is easier and perfect to work on the wet soil as well. After 3 to 4 weeks you should see the plants are earning up.
Diseases And Pests In Kohlrabi Farming
You should be aware of the Kohlrabi diseases and pests while farming the plants. Clubroot, damping off, Downy mildew, powdery mildew, black rot, Alternaria leaf spots, cutworms, beet armyworm, Cabbage looper, Flea beetles, Thrips, Root not nematode, Large cabbage white, Cabbage aphid, and diamondback moth are some of the most common pests and diseases of Kohlrabi. You should be conscious about these pests. If you find any kind of unusual spots and marks on leafs of the plants you should spray proper medicine on it. You can discuss with the professional and experienced one to keep the yields well.
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Harvesting Process In Kohlrabi Farming
The knobs in the smaller size have a great demand in the market. To get the early Kohlrabi, you need to cut the stems just below the knobs. A sharp knife is the best tool that can be used to cut the stem. The knob should be 5 to 8cm in size when cut. The bunch of leafs on the knobs should be tied before sending the yield in the market.
The amount of Kohlrabi depends on the area of the land and the quality of the soil. The atmosphere of the place is also very important to get good quality yield. Around 300 quintal yield per hector can be expected on an average.
Health Benefits Of The Kohlrabi
Kohlrabi is now popular in the market and suggested to take the nutrients at a large amount. There are some health benefits of taking the Kohlrabi.
- Kohlrabi plays an important role in improving the digestive system. It has a good amount of fiber that can help you to fight against the constipation problem.
- Taking Kohlrabi is good to lose weight. This low-calorie vegetable can help you to gain less weight and keep you full for a longer time.
- Kohlrabi is a good source of the potassium and as a result, you can get a good energy level by consuming the Kohlrabi.
- Potassium content of the Kohlrabi can help you to regulate the blood pressure as well.
- Kohlrabi is a good source of mineral that can keep your bones strong for a longer time and help you to stay younger as well.
Apart from these benefits of Kohlrabi, this vegetable can help you to stay well in other ways as well. It can help you to stay away from anemia, eye problems, cancer and more.
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Bottom Line Of Kohlrabi Farming
The cultivation process of the Kohlrabi is not very complicated. But the proper care should be taken to get the good yield. The farmer needs to take care of the seedling and the proper irrigation process should be followed. The plants should be given sufficient amount of moisture and the soil should be fine as well. The selection of the land is very important in this cultivation process. These one-year vegetables are now very profitable in the market and you can get good revenue from the market by selling the good early Kohlrabi.