Lily Flower Farming – Introduction
Lilies are graceful and elegant of all flowers present in the world. The lily is a favorite among many. Lilies are beautiful flowers which are used in many occasions. They are very famous for using in weddings. The white lilies especially are very popular and much in demand. The demand for lilies is very high in the international market. The price for lilies is also very good. So, if the cultivation is done properly, a very good profit can be obtained by the sale of lilies.
Lilies come in many varieties. They come in varieties of colors and shapes too. The lily flower plants are also used for ornamental purposes. The flowers are used for many purposes so the demand is also high. The flowers also come in vibrant colors. They also come in fragrant scents and smell. The lily plants grow well in winter areas. Many species can also be grown in summer areas. The lily extract is very much used in cosmetics and beauty products. The lily products are very good for the skin as well. The flower extract is rich in many important nutrients. There are certain specific conditions which are needed for the cultivation of lily.
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Scientific Name of Lily: Lilium candidum
Top Countries Producing Lily
The lily plant is a native species in the temperate regions of the world. It is naturally found in the northern hemisphere areas. They can also be found in the tropical regions. For commercial purposes, the lily is grown in many parts of the world.
Name of Lily in Other Languages
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Different Varieties of Lilies for Cultivation
This is a perfumed variety of lily. The flower is medium sized with five petals. The petals are turned on the outer side. The petals are purplish pink in color with white borders. This variety is great for ornamental purposes.
O Backhouse Lily
This variety of lily is mainly planted in the autumn. The stems bear multiple layers of lilies. The plants can tolerate shade more than any other variety. The flowers are small in size, the plants grow slow. The blooming may not happen in the first season.
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This is a variety of Asiatic lily. The petal color is two-toned. The white flower is bordered in the corners with a beautiful dark pink color. Excellent for ornamental purposes, this lily can be cultivated for such purposes. To get the best yield, the planting must be done in rich and well-drained
The Easter lilies are pure white in color. They are a symbol of peace and purity. The flowers bloom in late summer. The plants are hardy in nature.
Tiny Bee Lily
This variety of lilies are also Asiatic in origin. They are very tiny just like the name. Because of their nature, they glow. The plants are very hardy. For this reason, this is an excellent choice for growing in windy areas. The tiny yellow colored flowers are perfect for ornamental purposes.
The Casablanca Lily is fragrant white colored flowers. The beautiful waxy petals create the perfect lily shapes for cut flowers. This flower is popularly used for bridal decorations. To protect the long stems from breaking, they must be sheltered while planting.
The tiger lily variety of lily plant bears unique colored lilies. These are great for ornamental purposes. This variety of lily is perfect for those farmers who are new to the cultivation of lily. The plant grows very well in most The beautiful flowers are orange colored and have black speckles.
The regal lily plant can grow up to five feet tall. It bears trumpet-shaped lily flowers. The stems may need to get some support. The petals are white colored with an inside of yellow.
The matrix lily is popular for its vibrant colors. Also, each stem of the plant can bear maximum flowers. The plants can also be planted in flower pots and garden containers. This is a type of Asiatic lily.
Cultivation of Lily Flower
The lilies are popular flowers in huge demand all over the world. The cultivation also must be done carefully because the demand is high for good quality lilies. Proper climatic conditions, soil, nutrition must be taken care of. Only then, a good crop of lily can be achieved. Also, the variety must be selected accordingly.
Soil Conditions for Lily Flower Farming
The ideal ph for the cultivation of lily flower is 5.5-6.5. The soil must not be too acidic or too basic. Otherwise, the growth of the plants will be affected. The soil must be well drained. Waterlogged conditions are harmful to lily farming. The soil also must be well aerated. Any good quality of soil can be used for the cultivation of lily. They also grow very well in loamy soils. The soil must be rich in organic content. Good quality of soil determines the quality of flowers.
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Climatic Condition for Lily Flower Farming
The lily can be best cultivated in colder or moist areas. There must be plenty of sunshine for the good growth of the lily plants. The ideal day temperature for its cultivation is 18-22 degree Celsius. At night time, the temperature must be 10-15 degree Celsius. A moderate annual rainfall is sufficient for the good growth of the lily plants. The plants must be protected from frost and other extreme climatic conditions.
Land Preparation for Lily Flower Farming
Like any other cultivation, the land preparation for lily is very important. The land must be cleared of all weeds and plant wastes. After that, ploughing must be done. the ploughing should be done to make the soil texture smooth and fine. The smooth texture of the soil is very important for the good growth of the plants. After that, harrowing and levelling must be done. the ploughing may be done by tractors or bullock carts. Drainage channels must be made in the field to prevent waterlogging. The channels can be used to drain away the excess water.
Propagation Methods for Lily Flower Farming
The common method for the propagation of lily is by bulbs. Healthy and disease free bulbs must be used for the propagation of lily. The bulbs can be collected and then stored for a year in cold storage. To break the dormancy period of the bulbs, a cold storage period temperature of 20-50 degree Celsius is needed. Bulbs must be collected from healthy varieties.
Planting Methods for Lily Flower Farming
The lily bulbs must be planted in the nursery. They are best raised in nurseries. When they reach a desirable size, they must be transplanted to the main field. For planting, pits must be dug of 12-15 inches. The deep planting methods must be used specifically for lily cultivation. The first reason is that it helps the roots to spread well. The second reason is that the bulbs stay protected from harsh climatic conditions outside. Groups of 3-5 bulbs are planted. While planting, the pointing side of the bulbs is kept upwards. After planting the bulbs, the pits must be covered with soil. Immediately after planting, a light watering must be given.
Planting Season and Spacing for Lily Flower Farming
The bulbs of the lily flower must be planted 8-18 inches apart. The lily bulbs can be planted in the month of spring or autumn.
Irrigation Methods for Lily Flower Farming
The first irrigation must be given at the time of planting the bulbs. There must be enough watering done during hot and dry summer months. The drought must not be allowed to affect the lily crop. Watering is very important during the formation of the flowers. At the monsoon time, regular watering is not required. But, waterlogged conditions are harmful for lily cultivation. so, the extra water must be drained out of the field. drip or sprinkler irrigation must be used for saving the water. Mulching also might help. Proper watering will help in the proper growth of the lily plants.
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Fertiliser and Manure Application for Lily Flower Farming
The well-decomposed farmyard manure must be applied at the time of field preparation for lily cultivation. a soil test must be done. Based on the results, nitrogen and potassium fertilizers must be put in the soil. if the soil is deficient in micronutrients, they must also be applied in proper quantities. After that, a light watering must be done after every fertilizer application process. Too many fertilizers can make the soil dry and barren. Organic fertilizers or fertilizers must also be used along with the chemical fertilizers. An appropriate amount of fertilizers are needed for a good crop and flowers.
Intercultural Operations in Lily Flower Farming
The weeds must be removed whenever they emerge. They can be removed by manual methods or by chemical means. The training of the lily plants must also be done. Wire meshes must be used for the support of the lily plants. Mulching is a great way to save water in lily farming. Not only has that, mulching helped to protect the plants from frost and extreme weather conditions.
Pest and Disease Control Methods for Lily Flower Farming
The most common diseases and pests affecting lily flower and their control method are:
- Aphids- imidacloprid
- Thrips- dimethoate or methyl demeton spray
- Scale and bulb rot- difenoconazole or carbendazim application
- Botrytis blight- carbendazim spray
- Grey mould- zineb spray
- Mites- abamectin spray
- Root rot- metalaxyl spray
Yield of Lily Flower
With proper field management, an average yield of 30-40 stem of flowers can be expected per metre square of the area.
Harvesting Lily Flower
The lily plants may take anywhere between 8-16 weeks to reach maturity. Harvesting must not be done at the full blooming stage. Rather, when the bud at the lowermost portion starts to show color, harvesting must be done. The lilies are harvested along with their stem. One-third of the stem must be cut and not more than that. The harvesting must be done carefully so that the flowers are not damaged.
Post-harvest Management and Marketing of the Lily Flowers
After harvest, the lily stems must be stored in cold storage. The flowers are delicate and may be spoiled if they are not stored properly. After harvest, the stems must be trimmed a little. The flowers are popularly sold as cut flowers. The flowers are sold in the market by individually wrapping them. They must be placed carefully inside cartons so that they are not damaged. The flowers must be sorted out. Damaged flowers must be rejected. The transportation is required for long distance traveling. Export of the flowers can give huge profits.
Benefits of Lily
- The ointment or preparation made from lilies is very helpful in the healing of wounds. It can also help to reduce the appearance of scars.
- The lily flower can also be used in tonics. The tonic can be used for preventing heart diseases.
- The lily herb is used for the treatment of lung diseases. The medicines are helpful for treating the patients with lung diseases.
- The lily herb also has laxative properties. It can help people with stomach disorders and also cure and treat them.
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Lily Flower Farming – Conclusion
The lily is one of the prettiest and beautiful flowers. Lily stands for the symbol of peace and purity. For many reasons, it is very much in demand, especially in the international market. The cultivation must be done properly to get a good yield. Good quality of flowers can fetch a very good price in the market. For that, modern cultivation tools and techniques have to be used.