Pear Fruit Farming – Introduction
The pear is one of the most nutritious and delicious of all the fruits. Pears are generally grown in colder countries. The pear fruit is one of the fruits which can give a lot of profit if it is grown properly. They have got a huge demand in the international market. So, a good price can be fetched if it is sold outside.
The pear has got a nice shape. The shape is so different than the pear-shaped word is also used commonly. The pear is generally eaten as a fresh fruit. In some cultures, it was also eaten raw. The cultivation of pear fruit is not new. It dates back many years ago. Farming methods for pear must be followed properly. The pear tree gives a very good yield if the cultivation is done properly. For that, proper nutrition must be provided. The plants must be irrigated properly. There are many varieties of pear which are cultivated. A good variety of pear must be selected for farming. The variety which has a good market demand must be chosen for farming. The pear is very popular in the local market as well. So, the farming must be done accordingly.
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Scientific Name of Pear: Pyrus amygdaliformis
Top Pear Producing Countries In The World
|Rank||Country||Production (in metric tons)|
|2||The United States||795,557|
Common Name Of Pear In Other Languages
|Language||Ways to say pear|
|Hmong||txiv moj coos|
Different Varieties Of Pear Cultivated Across The World
The Anjou pears are very juicy and have a sweet taste. They have a firm texture and the flavor is very mild. The color of the fruits can be red or green. The Anjou pears are eaten fresh and are also used for cooking. While selecting the pears, they must be heavy. These pears can be found in the market from October to May.
The Bartlett pears are very juicy when ripe. They taste delicious. The Bartlett pears are commonly used to make pear sauce and pear butter. The Bartlett pears are very soft. So, they lose their shape when cooked. These pears can be found in the market from July- October. The heavier fruits must be selected for harvesting.
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If pears are wanted for eating fresh and raw, the comice pears are the best. The Comice pear is famous for its smooth texture of flesh and the nice and sweet scent and flavor. The shape of the comice pear is a little more round and almost like an apple. The comice pears can also be eaten raw but they are best eaten raw because of its taste. The pear is available in September- February.
The Forelle pears are a little bit smaller in size. It is commonly eaten as a snack fruit. The Forelle pear is popularly found in October- February.
Red Anjou Pears
The red Anjou pears are similar to the Anjou The only striking feature of this pear is the beautiful red color. It is best for eating raw as well as for decorating the table.
The Concorde pear is beautifully shaped. The neck of the fruits is long and tapering. These pears are very juicy and have a smooth texture. Unlike other pears, the pear does not get brown when it is cut. Apart from eating fresh, they are great for cooking. The pear tastes good when fresh. It tastes crisp in texture. When the pear is soft, it also tastes good. The vanilla-like flavor of the fruit makes it so popular. The color of the fruit skin is green. Sometimes, it can have a hint of red on the skin. The Concorde pears can be found in the autumn season and until
The Bosc pears are best known for their crisp texture. The pears are also cooked and they hold the shape very good. The flesh of the pears is grainy and soft. This pear is classified on the basis of the brownish skin they have. The Bosc pears have a very nice smell and firmness when they are ripe. The Bosc pear is eaten fresh and raw. It is also best eaten in desserts and is cooked.
The Asian pears are very popular for their crisp texture. They have the typical apple-like The Asian pears also look like apples. They have a rough and thick skin and have a tan fruit skin. Because of the crispy texture, the Asian pears are best eaten raw and in salads. The pears are found in the market from August to winter season.
Cultivation Of Pear
The variety of pear must be selected based on where the farming has to be done. The pear can develop a good quality when it is grown in specific climatic conditions. So, proper growing conditions must be followed for pear cultivation. The soil must be selected properly. The climate must be suitable for growing pears.
Soil Conditions For Pear Farming
The pear plants grow well in slightly alkaline soils. The ideal ph for pear cultivation is 8.7. However, care must be taken so that the soil is not too acidic or too basic. The soil must be well drained and must be well aerated. Almost any kind of fertile soil can be used for the cultivation of pear plants. Sandy and loamy to clay soils can be used for the cultivation of pear. It also must be kept in mind that the hardpan of the soil must be at least 2m deep. The soil must be well drained. It must be able to hold moisture in the soil.
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Climatic Conditions For Pear Farming
The pear plants are best cultivated in colder climates. A warm and sunny weather is good for the growth of the plants. The ideal temperature for pear cultivation is 15-25 degree Celsius. An annual rainfall of 50-75mm is needed for pear cultivation. During the harvesting and sowing also, the temperature must not be very high. The pear farming can be done at regions which are 1700-2400 m above the sea level. It is usually grown in subtropical and temperate places. The crop must not be exposed to extreme climatic conditions.
Land Preparation For Pear Farming
The land must be selected first. All the weeds must be removed. Other materials such as the stubbles, rocks etc must also be removed from the land. After that, the land must be ploughed several times. When the soil has achieved a fine tilth, the land must be leveled and farmyard manure must be mixed to the soil. Proper drainage channels must be made in the field.
Propagation Methods For Pear Farming
The propagation of pear is done by seeds and grafting. T budding or tongue grafting is done for the propagation of pear. The kainth plants are used as the seedling rootstocks for grafting. In case of seeds, certified seeds must be used. The healthy seeds must be sown. The seeds germinate after ten days.
Planting Method For Pear Farming
The rectangular or square system of planting is adopted for pear cultivation. In the main field, pits of dimension 1m*1m*1m must be dug. The pits must be dug a month before planting and filled with manure and topsoil. After the planting is done, irrigation is required. The seeds can be directly planted to the field or they can be transplanted from the nursery. If the farming is done in hills, contour planting is preferable.
Spacing And Season For Planting In Pear Farming
The planting time of the pear plants is in January. The average spacing which is used for pear cultivation is 8m*4m.
Irrigation Methods For Pear Farming
The normal frequency of irrigation is once every 5-7 days. In winter the irrigation must be reduced. It must be provided once every 15 days. If the rainfall is irregular, proper irrigation must be given. In case of excess rainfall, the extra water must be drained out of the field. In the month of January, irrigation must be stopped. When the plants are flowering and bearing fruit, proper irrigation is very important. Flood irrigation is preferred during the summer months. The first irrigation must be given at the time of planting.
Fertiliser And Manure Application In Pear Farming
The farmyard manure must be provided at the time of land preparation. After that, proper quantities of farmyard manure must be applied in the pear field. After the first year, the amount of manure and fertilizers must be increased till the tenth year. A soil test must be done before fertilizer application.
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Intercultural Operations For Pear Farming
The weeds must be removed whenever necessary. Proper pruning and training methods are very important for proper maintenance of pear crop. The pear crop can be intercropped with wheat, gram, moong, pea, mash, toria etc.
Disease And Pest Control Management Of Pear Cultivation
The most common diseases and pests and the control measures of pear cultivation are:
- Pear scab- captan spray
- Hopper- dimethoate or carbaryl spray
- Root rot- carbendazim spray
- Aphids and thrips- thiamethoxam or imidacloprid spray
- Spider mite- dicofol or sulfur spray
Yield Of Pear
The average yield of pear is about 100-120 kg of fruits per tree per year.
The pears are usually mature and ripe at 135-145 days. The ripening time depends on the variety. There must not be any delay in harvesting of pear. For selling the fruits locally, the fully ripe pears must be picked. If the fruits are to be sold in distant markets, the firm and green fruits must be picked. The fruits can be handpicked individually.
Post-Harvest Management Of Pear
After picking the fruits, they must be graded and sorted. The damaged fruits must be sorted out. The grading must be done based on the quality and size of the fruits. After that, the fruits must be packed in boxes or cartons. The fruits must be stored properly so that they are not damaged. It is better if the fruits are sold fresh in the market. Under the right storage conditions, the fruits can be stored up to 60 days.
Marketing Of Pear
The fruits must be packed properly to be sold in the market. For local market, they can be packed in boxes and sold. In case of distant markets, they have to be transported through vehicles.
Benefits Of Pear
- Pear is rich in Vitamin-C. This important vitamin is essential for keeping the body free of diseases and healthy body.
- Pear has lots of antioxidants. It helps to get rid of the harmful radicals and toxins contained in the body.
- Pear is loaded with copper and iron and also other minerals. So, people suffering from blood problems must make pear a part of their daily diet.
- Pear is considered to prevent certain kinds of cancer. Therefore, it must be consumed regularly to prevent such cancers.
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Pear Farming – Conclusion
The pear is a very popular fruit. It has a huge demand in the international market. The cultivation of pear must be done very carefully. A good yield and good quality of the fruits is important. The pear is eaten fresh and cooked. It is used to make juices, jams, butter and many other desserts. In such a scenario, the farming of pear can be very profitable. A good variety selection is also very important. The variety must have a good demand in the market. The pear plants are best grown when they are grown in specific conditions. For a good crop, modern and scientific methods of cultivation must be used.