Pomelo Farming- Introduction
Cultivation of fruits is good for Pomelo is a fruit which belongs to the citrus category. It almost looks like the grapefruit. But, it is much more different in flavor than the grapefruit. The cultivation of fruits has recently increased in the present years. There are various reasons for that. People are consuming more fruits than ever. Fruits are always in demand for fresh. The fruits are very commonly used in many food items also. They are put in desserts and also preserved. The demand for processed products of fruits has increased very much in these days.
The pomelo is quite a popular name in the fruit cultivation business. The flesh is the edible part of the fruit. The fruit skin is thick and is not eaten. But the rind or the peel is put in marmalades and in other processed products. The flesh has a sweet taste. The best part of pomelo cultivation is that it is easier to grow. There are many known varieties of pomelo cultivated across the world. If the cultivation is done properly, the yield and quality can be increased. Good quality fruits can also fetch a very good price in the market.
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Scientific Name of Pomelo: Citrus maxima
Top Pomelo Producing Countries In The World
The pomelo fruit is a native to the south and southeastern parts of Asia. Due to increased popularity, it is grown in many other parts of the world. It is grown in countries like turkey, Cuba, Brazil, belize, Cyprus, Argentina, Tunisia, Iran etc.
Common Name Of Pomelo In Other Languages
- English- Pomelo
- Bengali- chakotra
- Chinese- 柚
- dutch- pompelmoes
- finnish- Pomelo
- german- Pampelmuse
- hindi- चकोतरा
- Japanese- zabon
- Malayalam- Pamparamasan
- Portuguese- jamboa
- Sanskrit- Madhukarkati
- Spanish- toronja
- Swedish- pompelmus
- Tamil- Pambalimasu
- Telugu- Pampara
Different Varieties Of Pomelo Cultivated Across The World
Cocktail Pummelo Hybrid
This variety of pomelo is a hybrid one. It is also an early maturing variety of pomelo. The fruit is full of seeds and is very juicy. Due to this, it is a good variety for preparation of juices. The taste and quality of the fruit are well above average.
The chandler pummelo is a hybrid variety. The taste of the fruit is very good. The skin of the fruit is very thick. It is yellowish green in color. The flesh is bright orange in color.
The Sarawak pummelo is a great tasting pomelo variety. The skin is bright yellow in color. The fruit has many seeds. the fruit skin is thin. The flesh is pale yellow in color.
The melogold is also a hybrid between a pomelo and a grapefruit. That is the reason it has some of the characteristics of grapefruit. The fruit is juicy and has a sweet taste. It also has a mild flavor. The size of the melogold is also like that of a grapefruit. This is an early maturing variety of pomelo. This variety also grows well in colder climates. The fruits become sweeter with time.
The reinking pummelo is a very good variety which is early maturing variety. Pomelo fruit tastes good. The fruit is oval in shape with bright yellow fruit skin. The fruit skin is thick and inside the flesh is pale yellow in color. It has many seeds in it but it can be eliminated. It can be done so by netting at the time of flowering.
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Thing Dee Pummel
This variety is basically the pomelo from Thailand. The texture and the taste of the fruit are very good. It is a mid-season maturing variety of pummelo. The shape of the fruit is almost round and the rind is thick. The pale yellow flesh inside contains multiple seeds.
The Tahitian pummelo grows very well in the colder climates. This variety of pomelo is seedy in nature but the seeds can be removed. The fruit shape is round and the skin is light yellow in color. The flesh has a pale yellow color and it has multiple seeds inside.
The orblanco is a pomelo variety which has a round shape. It is an early maturing variety and has a very sweet taste. The fruit skin is thick and the pulp is orange-yellow in color.
This is a cross variety. The flesh of the variety is blood red in color. The shape of the fruit is heart-shaped when cut and is elongated in structure. The taste of the fruit is excellent.
Cultivation Of Pomelo
Pomelo cultivation is easy. But, the specific farming conditions must be maintained. This must be done so that the yield is good. If the proper cultivation techniques are not maintained, the quality of the fruit might not be good.
Soil Conditions For Pomelo Farming
The pomelo can be cultivated on a variety of soils. The plants can grow well in heavy and coarse soils. Sandy, clayey soils both can be used for pomelo cultivation. But, the soil must be free of inorganic salts. For good growth, the soil must be rich in organic matter. The pomelo grows best in soils which are deep and have a medium texture. The ideal ph for pomelo cultivation is 5.5-6.5. The soil must be fertile and rich in organic matter. Only then, the quality of the fruits will be good.
Climatic Conditions For Pomelo Farming
The pomelo grows in cool climates usually. It grows well in the lower parts of tropics. The pomelo must be cultivated in areas which are not more than 400m above the sea level. The ideal temperature for its growth is 25-30 degree Celsius. An annual rainfall of 1500-1800mm is required for farming of pomelo. If pomelo is being cultivated for commercial purposes, these criteria must be met. It can grow best if it is cultivated on the banks of a river.
Land Preparation For Pomelo Farming
The pomelo can be cultivated in plain lands as well as sloping lands. For that, a proper site has to be selected. After that, the weeds and other plants must be cleared from the land. After that, the land must be ploughed thoroughly. This must be done to make the texture of the soil smooth. Ploughing must be done 2-3 times or till the soil is smooth and fine. After that, harrowing and ploughing must be done. Well decomposed farmyard manure must be applied to the soil after the last plough. Drainage channels must be provided. In case the water level exceeds in the land, it can be drained away.
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Propagation Methods For Pomelo Farming
Pomelo is usually propagated through the seeds. They are also propagated through the asexual methods. The asexual methods include cutting, budding, grafting, air layering etc. Grafting and budding must be done when the mother plants are disease free. Shield budding is also applicable using suitable rootstocks. In case of seeds, the proper seeds must be selected. They must be healthy and disease free.
Planting Methods For Pomelo Farming
The seedling plants can be transplanted to the main field. They can also be sown in the field directly. For grafting, cutting and air layering, the suitable process is applied. When the roots start to develop, they must be planted in the main field. In the main field, they must be watered immediately after planting. In the main field, pits of dimension 0.5m*0.5m must be dug out. They must be left exposed to the open for a few days. After that, they should be filled with a mixture of topsoil and farmyard manure. The planting must be done in the pits. The soil around the plants must be pressed firmly. After that, a light irrigation must be provided. Pomelo plants can also be planted n raised bed system of farming.
Spacing And Planting Season For The Cultivation Of Pomelo
The normal spacing applied in the pomelo crop is 8m*10m. The average density of 120-200 plants must be maintained per hectare of the land. The planting can be done any time of the year. Usually, it is done in the rainy season.
Irrigation Methods For Pomelo Farming
The first irrigation must be given right after planting. After that, irrigation must be provided whenever needed. To induce early flowering, the watering must be stopped until the dry season arrives. Irrigation is very important during the flowering stage. If the rainfall is regular, irrigation is not needed. In case of irregular rainfall, watering must be done. If there is excess rainfall, the water must be drained out of the field. To save water, irrigation techniques like drip or sprinkler methods may also be used. Proper watering must be done especially at the time of flowering, fruit formation and for proper vegetative growth.
Manure And Fertiliser Application For Pomelo Farming
The well rotten farmyard manure must be applied at the time of land preparation. The macronutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium must be applied in split doses. It is also sprayed as the foliar spray. To avoid micronutrient deficiency, the micronutrients must also be sprayed at regular intervals. A soil test must be done before application of fertilizers. The foliar fertilizers are usually applied when there is new flush. Proper fertilizer application is important for the fruit set and the good quality of the fruits. After fertilizer application, a light irrigation must be given. Along with the chemical fertilizers, organic fertilizers and manures must also be applied in the field.
Intercultural Operations For Pomelo Farming
The pomelo crop can be grown as an intercrop with other plants like banana, areca palm etc. This way, the space in the farm is utilized and also the plants protect the pomelo plants from wind. They provide shade to the plants too. Intercropping also provides extra income. Pruning must be done at regular intervals to ensure proper growth of the plants. The weeding techniques must be done through manual or chemical methods. It can also be used as mulch for the pomelo crop. The weeding must be done so that the pomelo crop can receive the proper nutrients from the soil.
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Disease And Pest Control For Pomelo Farming
The most common pests and diseases affecting pomelo crop are:
- Bacterial Canker
- Root rot
- Brown rot
Most of the diseases and pests can be controlled by proper crop management. In other cases, proper pesticides must be sprayed in order to control the diseases and pests in the pomelo crop.
The fruits take about 140-160 days to reach maturity. When ripe, the fruits start to change color. They must be picked when they are ripe. They must be handpicked to harvest pomelos. Net also can be used for picking the fruits.
Post-Harvest Management And Marketing Of Pomelo
The fruits must be cleaned after harvesting. They are graded and sorted. After that, they must be packed properly in cartons or boxes. For marketing, they can be sent to the local market or the international market for selling.
Benefits Of Pomelo
- Pomelos are good for the heart. They keep away the bad cholesterol and keeps the heart healthy.
- Eating pomelos can be beneficial for the skin. it causes the skin to become smooth and glowing. It also reduces chances of skin problems.
- Pomelos are rich in Vitamin-C. It helps the body to fight infections and also keeps it healthy and strong.
- Having pomelos in the daily diet can help to reduce infections in the urinary tract. It prevents the growth of bacteria.
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Pomelo Farming – Conclusion
The pomelos are highly nutritious and delicious fruit. Due to this, their demand is also very high in the market. For growing good quality pomelos, the cultivation must also be done accordingly. Modern implements must be used for the farming of pomelos. Proper nutrition and irrigation must be given to the plants. This will ensure good profits from pomelo cultivation.