Tulip Farming – Introduction
Flowers are a thing of joy. Whether it is gifted to somebody or planted in own house, flowers add charm to the surroundings. Flower gardening is also a joyful activity. It gives pleasure and is good for the mind. Flowers also add beauty to the house. Cultivation of flowers can both be rewarding and pleasing.
Tulip is a beautiful flower. It is also very popular in the world. Tulips are planted for ornamental purposes. The cut flower is used for occasions like marriages, birthdays, anniversaries and many more such occasions. Tulip also has some medicinal effects and health benefits too. But, mostly the flowers are grown for decoration purposes. Tulip can fetch a very good price if it is sold in the international market. As the demand for flowers increases, the price is also good for cut flowers. The cultivation of tulips must be done on a commercial basis for that. Tulip cultivation must be done with proper scientific tools and techniques. The quality of flowers matters very much. There are many varieties of tulips in the market. Any good variety must be selected for farming. Tulips are found in different colors. Farming the different varieties is also a good idea.
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Scientific Name of Tulip: Tulips sp.
Top Countries Producing Tulip
The tulip is produced in large quantities in the Netherlands. It was cultivated first in Asia and Europe. Now, the demand has increased. It is cultivated in almost all the parts of the world. In India, the cultivation is also booming. In some places, it is cultivated on a large scale.
Common Name Of Tulip In Other Languages
|Language||Ways to say tulip|
|Marathi||घंटेच्या आकाराचे मोठे तेजस्वी फूल|
Different Varieties Of Tulip Cultivated Across The World
Darwin Hybrid Tulips
The flowers of Darwin hybrid are of excellent colors and the stem of the plant is very strong. The flowers bloom in the middle of the season. Due to the strong stems, they can be easily cut and sold as cut flowers. The plants are also resistant to wind and extreme weather. For this reason, this is one f the favorite choice for farmers.
The flowers of double tulips last longer. The double flowers are good for planting them as ornamental plants. There are mainly early varieties of the double tulips. They can be mainly cultivated for ornamental purposes.
This type of tulip plants produce flowers which are long and large. It is mainly cultivated for landscaping. This variety of tulips is very famous for natural growth. The white and yellow spotted color of the tulip is the most popular.
This variety of tulips are long-lived. They bloom early in the season. The flowers have an interesting shape. They open like stars. The kaufmanniana variety grows very compact. They are mainly cultivated for ornamental purposes.
The parrot tulips are an excellent variation of the regular tulip flower. The flower has edges which are feathery and scalloped. The fringes in the petals make the flowers more attractive. The flower size is very large. So, they must be protected from wind and rains.
French Single Late Tulips
This variety of tulip plant grows quite tall. The tulip flowers are oblong in shape and are long stemmed. These flowers are great for cut flowers due to the strong stems and beautiful flowers.
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Cultivation Of Tulip
The tulip must be cultivated properly. The flowers are mainly grown for ornamental purposes. So, growing a good variety is very important. The quality of the flowers is essential. Only then, a good price can be achieved. Also, the plants are delicate. So, they must be protected from external agents.
Soil Conditions For Tulip Farming
The tulip plants grow well in alkaline or neutral soils. The ideal ph for tulip cultivation must be above 6.5. If the ph is acidic, lime must be applied to the soil to increase the ph value. Sandy loam soils are best for growing tulips. For tulip farming, light soils are preferred. Heavy soils must be avoided. Soils which are rich in the organic matter must be used for cultivation of tulip. The soil must be well drained and well aerated. The soil must be of good quality. Only then, a good yield can be expected.
Climatic Conditions For Tulip Farming
The tulips grow well in colder climates. It can be best cultivated in hilly regions. if grown in warm climates, proper growing conditions must be met. The night temperature must be 5-10 degree Celsius. On the other hand, the day temperature must be 20-25 degree Celsius. The tulip plants need full sunshine for good growth of the flowers. Shade is also required. Frost is very harmful to the tulip crop. Therefore, the tulip plants must be protected from frost and other extreme conditions.
Land Preparation For Tulip Farming
The land must be selected properly for the cultivation of tulip. For commercial cultivation, a suitable site must be selected. The weeds, grass and anything else from previous cultivation must be removed. After that, the land must be ploughed several times. After ploughing, well-decomposed farmyard manure must be mixed with the soil. Drainage channels have to make in the field. It will help to drain off the excess water.
Propagation Methods For Tulip Farming
The tulips can be propagated through seeds or bulbs. The bulbs are most commonly used. In either case, only healthy or disease-free material must be used. The seeds must be pretreated before they are planted in the soil.
Planting Methods For Tulip Farming
The bulbs or the seeds can be planted directly in the field. They can also be transplanted from the nursery. For planting, seed beds must be made in the field or nursery. In the nursery, the plants are germinated and grown under controlled conditions. Proper nutrition is provided so that they grow well. When the plants have developed proper roots and are ready, they must be transplanted to the main field.
In the main field, they are planted in previously dug pits. After planting, the soil around the plants and its roots are pressed firmly. The pits must be dug previously and filled with manure and topsoil. After planting, a light irrigation must be given to the field. When planting bulbs, they must be planted 5-8 cm deep inside the soil. the bulbs should not be planted shallow. If so, then they will not produce flowers. Usually, 3-5 bulbs must be planted in a 15cm pot.
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Planting Season And Spacing For Tulip Farming
An average spacing of 15cm*10cm is provided in the tulip field. In case of tulip seeds, they must be sown in the autumn season. In case of bulbs planting, they must be planted in summer.
Manure And Fertiliser Application For Tulip Cultivation
The farmyard manure must be provided at the time of field preparation. It must be spread evenly in the field. A soil test before fertilizer application should be done. The soil test will decide how much fertilizers must be put in the field. After that, the doses might be applied. If the soil is good and rich in nutrients, heavy fertilizer application is not required. Proper doses of nitrogen, potassium, and phosphorus must be applied at equal intervals or split doses. Fertilisers must not be applied in excess. It will make the soil dry and barren. Every time after fertilizer use, a light irrigation must be provided in the soil. Organic fertilizers and manure must also be used.
Irrigation Methods For Tulip Farming
The tulip crop must not be heavily watered. Water must be given when required. The first irrigation must be given at the time of planting. After that, irrigation must be provided when required. When the soil is deficient in water, irrigation must be provided. The irrigation is very important when the flowers have started to emerge and bloom. Improper irrigation might affect the quality of flowers. For saving water, drip or sprinkler irrigation might be given. After fertilizers application, irrigation is a must. In times of extreme heat or dry weather, regular watering must be done. Irrigation is not so much required in rainy weather. If excess rainfall takes place, the water must be drained out of the field. The tulip cannot tolerate water-logged conditions. So, such condition must be avoided.
Intercultural Operations For Tulip Farming
For flower cultivation, intercultural operations are very important. The field must be kept weed free at all times. Weeds compete with the main crop for nutrients and hamper healthy growth of the plants. Manual methods can be used for controlling weeds. If it is not possible, the chemicals or pesticides must be applied in the field. Sometimes, natural methods may also help to get rid of the weeds in the field. A combination of all methods can be very effective. Raking of the soil must be done occasionally. It helps to make the soil more porous. The nutrient absorption is better if raking is done properly. If the young plants have weak stems, they must be provided support. The plants must also be protected from strong winds so that the stem does not break.
Pest And Disease Control Methods For Tulip Farming
The most common disease and pest affecting tulip plants is bulb rot and thrips. Chemicals such as rogor, Bavistin or Dithane can be used to control them. Other diseases and pests can also be avoided in many ways. The bulbs and seeds must be selected properly. The diseased ones must be instantly rejected. Seed treatment must be done. Doing these, many diseases and pests can be avoided. The flowers must be protected from insect attack. Controlling the pests and insects at an early stage will help in proper disease management.
The tulips are ready to harvest within 40-45 days after planting. When the tulips have bloomed, they must be harvested. The leaves start to turn yellow at this time. However, tulips are picked when they have not developed full color. The flowers must be cut from the stem along with two-three leaves. While cutting the flowers, it must be done carefully so as not to damage the flowers.
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Post-Harvest Management Of Tulips
The tulips are delicate flowers. After harvest, they must be wrapped in newspaper and stored properly. If the bulbs are to be harvested, they must be cleaned and stored properly. Flowers must not be kept in the open for long. It is better if they are sold fresh. If not possible, they must be kept in controlled conditions so that they remain fresh.
Marketing Of Tulips
The tulips are usually sold in bunches. A bunch of 10-20 flowers is made to be sold in the market. They must be carefully packed in wooden boxes of 2-3 tiers to avoid damage. Tulip flowers can fetch a good price overseas.
Benefits Of Tulip
- The essential oil is extracted from tulip flowers. It is used in beauty products such as cream, lotions, perfumes etc.
- Tulip has antiseptic value. Therefore, it is used in a common cough and cold. In such conditions, it can provide relief.
- The tulip flowers are anti-inflammatory in nature. Due to the properties, they can provide relief from insect bites, burns etc.
- The tulip extract can also be used on the skin. It can help to remove spots and blemishes from the skin.
Tulip Farming – Conclusion
The tulip is a highly popular and is also an important flower in the market. It can be a very profitable business. But, to get high-quality flowers, the cultivation also must be done properly. Proper methods must be applied to its cultivation. Proper nutrition and water must be provided to get a good yield.
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